The concentration of N-acetyl aspartic acid (NAA) is of interest because it is a marker of neuronal integrity. Results: Aerobic fitness was a statistically significant predictor of exam score (β = 0.563, p < 0.001), but percent body fat was not (β = 0.185, p =0.074). Thirty-five healthy men aged 18–25 yr had anthropometric measures, body composition, and cardiorespiratory fitness level assessed. The purpose of this study was to compare the body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness levels of a sample of refugee Somali women living in New Zealand with normative data. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. Patients and Methods. Epidemiological researches have found that not only obesity but also cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) plays a pivotal role in the prevalence of CVD. Describe the factors that influence the level of cardiorespiratory fitness a person is able to achieve. Independent of race, the MHO phenotype is characterized by high CRF, lower waist circumference and visceral fat, and lower rates of dysglycemia in youth. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time. abstract = "Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. 1 However, sole focus on weight loss is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI). The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Body Composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Low-Grade Inflammation in Middle-Aged Men and Women Author links open overlay panel Benoit J. Arsenault MSc a b Amélie Cartier MSc a b Mélanie Côté MSc a b Isabelle Lemieux PhD a Angelo Tremblay PhD a c Claude Bouchard PhD d Louis Pérusse PhD c Jean-Pierre Després PhD a c [email protected] between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). Refugee Somali women were invited to participate in sessions to assess physical fitness and body measurements. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). MHO adolescents had significantly lower trunk fat, waist circumference, and visceral fat compared with MUO adolescents in both races. @article{57e4c8d9e865412080dcd7ad865d1632. In whites, MHO adolescents had lower (p = .055) liver fat compared with MUO adolescents. Purpose. ; Hornstra, G. T1 - Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls, N2 - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. However, being fi… A cross-sectional analysis of baseline fitness data collected during preventive medical examination of 13,037 women aged 20 to 64 years evaluated at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas, from January 1, 1970, through December 30, 2004, who underwent a body composition assessment and a maximal treadmill exercise test. Low-volume HIIT, therefore, appears to be a time-efficient treatment for increasing fitness, but not for the improvement of body composition. Our database is unique, with measures of body composition and maximal exercise test data on a large sample of men. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial, JO - International Journal of Sports Medicine, JF - International Journal of Sports Medicine. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Body composition was measured using the pediatric option for BodPod and cardiorespiratory fitness by the 20 m shuttle run. Total fat was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and visceral adiposity and liver fat were measured by magnetic resonance imaging and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy, respectively. Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). [email protected] between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). / Rump, P.; Gerver, W.J.M. Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls. author = "P. Rump and W.J.M. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial". Although there is a strong direct relation between BMI and mortality (27), there has been little research on the relation between measured body fatness and mortality (16). Linear regression was conducted to evaluate cross-sectional associations of the outcomes in relation to total PSE and scores computed for the individual PSE factors: (1) diet, (2) limit setting of unhealthful behaviors, and (3) PA. The primary outcomes were changes in percentage body fat and in maximum oxygen uptake (VO 2max). Black MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test glucose, triglycerides, very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and higher high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance compared with black MUO adolescents. Objective: We examined the health benefits of leanness and the hazards of obesity while simultaneously considering cardiorespiratory fitness. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy provides measures of brain chemistry that are sensitive to cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition. Independent of race, CRF was higher in MHO versus MUO adolescents. Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. However, the most efficacious exercise prescription to improve anthropometry, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and metabolic health … Physical activity and cardiovascular fitness are important indicators of cardiovascular risk and health status.This study aimed to examine the relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in students at postgraduate level.This cross-sectional study. Relationship between body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness in Japanese junior high school boys and girls. The results further demonstrate that when oxygen uptake measurement is not feasible, W(total) or P(max) (expressed per kilogram fat-free mass) seem to provide better indicators of aerobic power than endurance time.Publication Types: Clinical Trial, AB - Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. Body composition analysis Cardiorespiratory fitness analysis Blood test (n = 34 probiotics n = 32 placebo) Figure 1. Background: Some studies have been conducted to verify the effects of Pilates for individuals who are obese, but conclusive results are not yet available due to methodological concerns. The answer is false. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) was related to ET. We observed a direct relation between body fatness and all-cause and CVD mortality. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. White MHO adolescents had lower (p < .05) triglycerides and very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, with a lower prevalence of impaired fasting glucose compared with white MUO adolescents. Participants were defined as MHO or MUO if their insulin-stimulated glucose disposal, measured by a 3-hour hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp, was in the upper quartile or in the lower three quartiles. In 17 children, maximal oxygen consumption was measured. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. The Bruce treadmill test was used to assess submaximal heart rate, endurance time (ET), calculated total work (W(total)) and maximal power output (P(max)) in 100 children (50 boys, 50 girls). Formalized objective measures of cardiorespiratory fitness (VO 2peak) are widely used in many areas of clinical practice and powerful predictors of mortality. We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12–18 years of age). Powered by Pure, Scopus & Elsevier Fingerprint Engine™ © 2021 Elsevier B.V. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content. Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and blood pressure in school children June 2002 The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness 42(2):207-13 Percent body fat was negatively associated with ET and relative oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1) x kg(-1)) and was positively related to submaximal heart rate at 6 minutes exercise (HR6). Watanabe K(1), Nakadomo F, Maeda K. Author information: (1)Osaka Prefectural College of Nursing, Habikino, Japan. If you are inactive and 100 or more pounds overweight, your cardiorespiratory fitness will suffer greatly, especially compared to an active person with the proper body … BACKGROUND: The minimum intensity of physical activity (PA) that is associated with favourable body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) remains unknown. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. Although cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is determined by a number of nonmodifiable factors, such as gender, age, and genetic factors, it has also been considered in recent years an objective indicator of physical activity and used to assess the relationship between physical activity and health status [30,31]. Stage 1 of the study included body composition analysis, cardiorespiratory fitness analysis, and a blood test to assess for the presence of inflammation. The contribution of body composition compartments in the development and progress of HF has been the object of numerous studies. journal = "International Journal of Sports Medicine", NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=11774067&dopt=Abstract, Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls. Conflicts of interest: All authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. CRF was measured by a graded maximal treadmill test. Probiotic therapy had a positive effect on selected parameters of body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness of study participants and showed a tendency to reduce inflammation. Body composition, however, is not a great predictor of performance. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies, Maastricht University data protection policy, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht (NUTRIM), The Netherlands. Two longitudinal studies have shown that low CRF was a strong and independent predictor of metabolic health in adults , . Measure cardiorespiratory fitness in terms VO2max and evaluate the correlation of body composition measures such as body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), lean body mass percentage (LBM%), and/or waist circumference (WC) with VO2max, in individuals in a firefighter population. However, the optimal intensity and frequency of aerobic exercise training to improve these outcomes in colorectal cancer survivors is unknown. Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Between Metabolically Healthy Versus Metabolically Unhealthy Obese Black and White Adolescents. The aim of this study was to verify body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and biochemical markers of prepubertal overweight and obese boys to a 16-week futsal training program. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.08.024. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. PURPOSE:We compared body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) between metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) versus metabolically unhealthy overweight/obese (MUO) adolescents in 189 black and white adolescents (BMI ≥ 85th percentile, 12-18 years of age). Use of probiotic supplements, the benefits of which have not been proven in sportspeople, is … Measures of skeletal muscle function including muscle strength, cross-sectional area (CSA), and whole-body composition (lean vs. body mass) are central determinants of reduced exercise tolerance in chronic heart failure (CHF) and … Background: Cardiorespiratory fitness and body fatness are both related to health, but their interrelation to all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cross-sectional associations of PA and sedentary time (ST) with body composition and CRF in mid-childhood. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Current international guidelines recommend people living with obesity should be prescribed a minimum of 300 min of moderately intense activity per week for weight loss. After accounting for gender, Tanner stage, and BMI, there were no differences in total fat (kg, %) between MHO versus MUO in both races. Here we focus on how fat mass and lean tissues affect cardiorespiratory fitness, with emphasis on their effects on peak oxygen consumption. [email protected] between frequently used indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness, sex and body composition were studied in a birth-cohort based sample of young prepubescent children (age range: 6.8 - 8.2 years). [email protected] Methods: Sixteen boys (age: 7-10 y, body mass index>thanat 95th percentileaccording to Center for Disease Control and Prevention; 35.5±7.4 percent fat) participated to futsal training program. Body composition was measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and cardiorespiratory fitness using cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET). Aron Barbey's research looks at the principles of brain organization that underlie reasoning and decision making. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. A number of additional factors effect cardiorespiratory fitness, but body composition is a big one. However, despite its lower training volume, low-volume HIIT induces greater improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness than a non-exercising control and MICT in normal weight, overweight and obese adults. We examined the health effects of body composition among 21925 men after taking cardiorespiratory fitness into account. The purpose was to compare body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, and physical activity (PA) engagement between women with ACLR and healthy controls. However, findings from studies in children are inconsistent. The factors that influence cardiorespiratory fitness are age, gender, genetics, body composition, and a person's level of conditioning. Outcome measures of body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness and background variables Height (cm) and weight (kg) were measured to the nearest 0.1 using standard procedures allowing for the calculation of body mass index—BMI (kg/m 2 )—for each child. Design: This was an observational cohort study. Height, bodyweight and waist and hip circumference were measured. This study aimed to investigate relationships between age, bone mineral measurements, body composition measurements, and cardiorespiratory fitness level in a group of young healthy Australian men. Absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)) was related to W(total) and P(max). Comparing the health-related fitness exam scores by the FITNESSGRAM classification system, students who were classified as Very Lean and High Risk for body composition had lower exam scores than those classified in the healthy fitness zone. A new study led by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology examined how cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition relate to neuronal health in 290 healthy young adults. is not the optimal, as it fails to consider cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), which can, at medium to high fitness levels, attenuate the adverse consequences of obesity on health, irrespective of body mass index (BMI).5–7 Growing evidence suggests that improved CRF largely neutralizes the adverse effects of increased adiposity as well as other © 2018 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Just because someone is lean does not mean that they will perform better in a triathlon, because without training their cardiorespiratory fitness, they may not even last the distance. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. INTRODUCTION: Deteriorations in cardiorespiratory fitness (V˙o2peak) and body composition are associated with poor prognosis after colorectal cancer treatment. Diet, exercise and behaviour modification remain the cornerstones of obesity management. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). T. Experimental design: 70 subjects met the study inclusion criteria. The observed differences in indicators of cardiorespiratory fitness between boys and girls were largely attributable to a difference in body composition. Body composition was determined by skinfold measurements. Fat-free mass was positively related to W(total), P(max) and absolute oxygen uptake (ml x min(-1)). title = "Body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness indicators in prepubescent boys and girls". Aerobic exercise forces the body to provide extra oxygen to the muscles. Gerver and G. Hornstra". 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