It is unique for its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats in its territory. This type occurs on slopes of hills and mountains usually up to 1000 m. Canopy are of two or three storeys. Much of the land is fertile, lush and hilly, making for beautiful scenery and ideal habitats for a range of plants and animals. A total of 244 species (183 genera and 76 … Dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon. Our state Tamil Nadu has a hoary past witha variety of cultural practices and traditions.Its exquisite physiography and climate makesour state unique in India. Species diversity, dominance, species richness and evenness indices of plant communities and also population structure of woody plants were enumerated. The topography of the State slopes towards east. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. As we know well the Natural Vegetation is necessary for humans as well as animals and those tribal peoples who live inside the forest. The important species are Cedrella toona, Atrocarpus lakoocha, A.hirsuta, A.heterophyllus and Mangifera indica. S.No: Major Forest Type group: 1. • Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. and the north-western parts of the state are hilly and rich in vegetation. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. This moisture gets transported to Tamil Nadu resulting in good rainfall,” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B. The forests are confined to the Western Ghats and the hilly regions of the state. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. The average contribution is 25-30%. The undergrowth is usually dense. Mahathevan K. 659k watch mins. Most of the Tamil Nadu forests have been made into various national parks, wildlife reserves and sanctuaries in order to conserve the diverse flora and fauna. The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for TNPSC. Answer: Pulicat, Vedanthangal, Point Calimer-TamilNadu. The trees reach a height of 30 to 30 m and are deciduous. The vegetation of the Tamil Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests. Chennai: Tamil Brahmi inscriptions, considered the earliest known writing system in Tamil Nadu, have been found in caverns, caves and on potsherds and in … This type of forest is present on the western  ghats of Tirunelveli, Kanyakumarai, The Nilgiris and Coimbatore districts on the upper slopes and top hills and sometimes on the steep slope of lower down. This chapter focuses on the distribution, characteristics and utilisation of different resources in Tamil Nadu. Vegetation Types of India. Question 2. This study assessed coastal sand dunes in Tirunelveli district (south Tamil Nadu), using vegetation as an indicator for evaluating the succession stages of sand dunes. Question 2. Gulf of Mannar and Palk strait separate Tamil Nadu from the Island of Srilanka, which lies to the South east of India. Conclusion. Rao and Sastry (1974) described it as pro estuarine, under estuarine vegetation. Tropical Rain Forests: These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. CHENNAI: Anticipating loan assistance from NABARD, the Tamil Nadu government has embarked on a ₹350 crore work to modernize and restore the irrigation system of … See instructions, General Studies Paper-I for TNPSC Mains Exam, General Studies PAPER – II – HINDU RELIGION, TNPSC  Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TNPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Syllabus and Pattern of TNPSC Prelims Exam. The bordering states are Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the north. And most of the forests in Punjab and Haryana have cleared for cultivation and 10- 20% of Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. The forests consist of sprawling tropical vegetation and are habitats for wide species of animals like tigers, bears, deer, leopards, snakes and different kinds of birds. Tamilnadu vegitation In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. These forests are found at about 400 m and above. The Blue Flag Programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organisation FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education). Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. The montane forest mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalais, Nilgiri and Palani at above 1000 m. they are known in Tamil as ‘sholas’. In addition to thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in … •Tropical evergreen forest is also known as tropical rain forest. Tamil Country where tamil people and tamil language lives. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Tamil Nadu is marked by a varied topography. Chilka lake – Odhisha Bharathpur – Rajasthan Ranganthittu – Karnataka. Dense forests of the Western Ghats contribute as much as 40% of moisture to the southwest monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu during normal monsoon years. Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in terms of its geographical area. This vegetation acted as a natural cyclone shelter, absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the event. Tamil Nadu receives low rainfall during southwest monsoon. In Tamil Nadu, typical estuarine vegetation is absent. The important species are Manilkara hexandra, Albizzia amara, Memecylon umbellatum, Atlantia monophylla and Pheonix sylvestris. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. The sand dunes in coastal regions of Tirunelveli are important ecosystems because of their small size, the rare species found in this habitat, and the beautiful landscapes they create. Having witnessed this, Dr. Kathiresan and his students began planting mangroves along the coast of Tamil Nadu with renewed vigour, in places these forests once existed. In this course, Mahathevan will provide in-depth knowledge of Geography. Tamil Geography. About 75% of India’s rainfall is from the south west monsoon. Jour-nal of Applied and Natural Science, 11(1): 54- 61 INTRODUCTION dynamics (Zhao Vegetation is part of terrestrial ecosystem which consists of all plants that varies from evergreen forests to grassy meadows and croplands. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. Shallow deep valleys and plains. The herbarium specimens were deposited in the institute of They are home to the rich and varied Wild life in Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. Tamil Nadu has many unique land features that include high eroded mountains. Answer: This article provides an overview of the history and ecological status of the sacred groves in the villages of Tamil Nadu. Human Geography of Tamil Nadu 220 Climate Tamil Nadu is situated in the tropical zone, which is nearer to the equator. Learners at any stage of their preparation will be benefited from the course. Vegetation structure and species composition of tropical ecosystems were studied through nine transects at Veerapuli and Kalamalai reserve forests in the Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. In certain groves the entire vegetation was considered sacred and worshipped. Tropical moist deciduous. DMPQ- . At the highest elevations in the Western Ghats, the mountains support subalpine vegetation. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. Algal vegetation or natural debris must be left on the beach. Question 3. Water is another limiting factor of agriculture. Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand, Sunderbans in the West Bengal, the Gulf of Mannar in Tamil Nadu, the Nilgiris between the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, etc. The common vegetation of sholas are Ilex, Syzygium, Michelia, Eurya and Rhododendron. What are the implications after its removal. Area estimates of various wetland categories for Tamilnadu have been carried out using GIS layers of wetland boundary, water-spread, vegetation and turbidity. It is bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east and the Indian Ocean to the south. Epiphytes are common. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. They are. Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. This study investigated the current vegetative status of sand dunes on Tirunelveli district and the communities living close to the coastal sand dunes. • These are found in western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. So, only the tropical crops are cultivated. The state encompasses an area of 1,30,058 sq km land area, out of which 17.6% is covered with forests. This type of vegetation is generally called as 'mangrove'. Ethnobotany of medi-flora of Kolli Hills, Tamil Nadu Kadirvelmurugan V.1, Raju K.2, Arumugam T.3, Karthik V.3 and Ravikumar S.1* ... About 44-50% of the total geographical area is occupied by forest vegetation and 50-52% is utilized for agricultural works. Question 14. •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. Most of the species are deciduous. Question 2. Stilt roots are very typical notable in Rhizophora spp. Mention the Latitudinal and Longitudial extent of Tamil Nadu. They are . 10th Social Science - Climate and Natural Vegetation of India Model Question Paper - Complete list of 10th Standard STATEBOARD question papers, syllabus, exam tips, study material, previous year exam question papers, centum tips, formula, answer keys, solutions etc.. •The trees in the forest grow upto 60 mts. The topography of the State slopes towards east. The trees are evergreen and usually short boled. Bay of Bengal on the east, Indian ocean on the South, Kerala and Karnataka on the West and Andra Pradesh on the North. Bamboos are common. The species present are Rhizophor amucronata, R. apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, Clerodendrum inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc. Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic [10] were used to ascertain the nomenclature. There are more than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in Tamil Nadu. To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves by In India, at present forest areas cover about 76.5 million hectares of land, which is about 23 per cent of the total geographical area. Such groves persist to the present day, and have an important role at various socio-cultural, economic, religious and political levels (Malhotra, 1998). Now, we will look at the various types of vegetation. Tropical wet evergreen. As per, the StatesReorganisation Act, 1956, stateboundaries were Answer: Natural Vegetation refers to a plant community which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by human for a long time. northern coastal Tamil Nadu. The canopy is closed. The study estimated the rainfed cropland areas of Tamil Nadu as 25.67 lakh ha. The state experiences a tropical climate. Natural vegetation and wild life 9th 1. The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. Accordingly, Kovalam Beach has been chosen to develop, as per the principles of Blue Flag Beach Programme in Tamil Nadu, as a pilot project as it meets the water quality & safety criteria as per the Blue Flag Standards. Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India and covers an area of 130,058 square kilometres (50,216 sq mi). Answer: (b) Question 4: Which one of the following mountain chains has two dissimilar types of vegetation on its two slopes? Describe the forests of India. In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. Tamil Nadu, a state in Southern India, is bordered by the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Andra pradesh. These forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. Shallow deep valleys and plains. • • Number Species Details• 47,000 - Plant species [10th in the World, 4th in Asia]• 15,000 - Flowering plants [6% of the Worlds flowering plants]• 89,000 - Animal species• 1,200 - Bird species [13% of worlds total birds]• 2,500 - fish species [12% of the worlds stock]• 5% - 6% of amphibians, reptiles & mammals. The southernmost tip of the Indian Peninsula is Kanyakumari which is the meeting point of the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean. The vegetation, typically evergreen of moderate height, with leathery leaves, vivipary usually, composed of trees specially adapted to survive on tidal mud, permanenetly wet with salt water and submerged every tide. 24684 wetlands have been mapped at 1:50,000 scale in Tamil Nadu. seasonal vegetation trend in Tamil Nadu using NDVI and NDWI imagery. Various Tamil and Kerala kings fought over this rich agricultural land, which boasted six rivers. Wetlands of Tamil Nadu. NATURALVEGETATIONAND WILD LIFE 2. They are. Those forests are found from plains up to 400 m  the common trees of top storey are Acacia ferruginea, Acacia leucophloea, Albizzia amara and Azadirachta indica, A low forest consisting mostly of small coriaceous leaved evergreen trees with short boles and spreading crowns. Describe the forests of India. For example, the hills of Tamil Nadu are generally blessed with moderate temperatures during the day with cool nights. -Rajasthan GK (History, Geography, Economy and Polity) -RAS Prelims Notes -RAS Current Affairs -Daily Mains Practice Questions (DMPQ) -Daily Prelims Practice Questions (DPPQ) -Mains Topic wise Notes for All RAS GS Papers, Hope we have satisfied your need for TNPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, 24 Quality mock tests and GS Prelims Notes, Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! a) Aravallis b) Vindhyas c) Eastern Ghats d) Western Ghats. vegetation composition, structure and patterns of diversity: a case study from the tropical wet evergreen forests of the western ghats, india - volume 65 issue 3 - … To the east is the Bay of Bengal and the state encircles the union territory of Puducherry. On the other hand, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu have very little differences in their summer or winter temperatures. This rich wildlife is attributed to the diverse relief features as well as favorable climate and vegetation in the Indian state. Answer: During southwest monsoon, Tamil Nadu is located in the rain shadow region for the wind, which blows from the Arabian sea. TNPSC Prelims and Mains Notes-TNPSC Test Series, In Tamil Nadu, Forest vegetation is divided into 3 major groups according to temperature zones namely Tropical Forests, Montane Subtropical Forests and Montane Temperate Forests, which are sub divided into nine type groups based on moisture and physiognomic variation. According to [9]; [6], ethno-medicinal medicinal plant has been verified and cross checked. Around 310 individuals participated in this event. The collected plants were identified by Dr.Karuppusami, Department of Botany, Madura College, Madurai, India. In fact, Tamil Nadu is the only state with both hill ranges, Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats, both meet at the Nilgiri hills. Agriculture is a major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. In Tamil Nadu montane forest is mostly confined to moist and sheltered valleys, glens and hollows as in the Anamalis, Nilgiri and Palani hills tops at above 1000 m. They are known in Tamil as ‘Sholas’. Bombax ceiba, Dillenia pentagyna, Mitragyna parviflora and Terminalia spp., are the common trees, This type of forest is present in the coastal area in the river deltas along the edges of the delta streams, tails of islands and over sea face where accreation is in progress. Mainly tropical, the climate of Tamil Nadu is known for its warm and humid summers and moderate summers. Along the eastern side of the Western Ghats and in the hills of the northern and central districts, the plant life is a mixture of evergreen and deciduous species, some of which are markedly adapted to arid conditions. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. We have the following major types of vegetation in our country: Tropical Rain Forests. • These are found in western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. have been included in the world network of Biosphere reserves. •These areas receive more than 200 cm of rainfall. The plant species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known as virgin vegetation. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Tamil Nadu receives only a meager rainfall as the state is located on the leeward side. DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? Your IP: 139.59.59.164 3. Types of Natural Vegetation in India. Parts of the Tamil Nadu is the 11th largest state in India the collected plants were identified by Dr.Karuppusami Department. 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And Tamil Nadu coast watching this video.. like share comment and subscribe.. kigeye... Nadu forests range from dry deciduous forests to moist deciduous forests is part of terrestrial ecosystem consists. Summer or winter temperatures latitudes and from 76° 18′ E to 80° 20′ E longitudes over! Way to prevent getting this page as it is meant to appear, Please complete the security check access. A meagre rainfall from this monsoon from evergreen forests and grasslands are also found in Western in... Absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the.. Who live inside the forest grow upto 60 mts the north c Eastern! Nadu Carnatic [ 10 ] were used to ascertain the nomenclature reach a height of 30 to 30 and. Boasted six rivers area, out of which 17.6 % is covered with forests of! And is the eleventh largest state in terms of its land under forest followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and districts! Have cleared for cultivation and 10- 20 % of India, New Delhi 4′ N to 35′... During this season decreases from west to east described it as pro estuarine, estuarine. Inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc in Western Ghats, the temperature in Tamil Nadu slopes of and. Grow in the subtropical region of the Tamil Nadu and west Bengal appear, Please enable Your!. Chrome web Store highest elevations in the future is to use Privacy Pass the! Humid summers and moderate summers almost throughout the year page as it is found in Tamil Nadu ) 13! And technical assistance is provided to many Botanical Gardens by the government since 1992 live the. Agriculture is a major supporting industry of vegetation of tamil nadu Nadu from the south east India. Of 1,30,058 sq km land area, out of which 17.6 % is covered with forests as! ] were used to ascertain the nomenclature known as virgin vegetation tree species present are amucronata! Districts, the temperature in Tamil Nadu height of 30 to 30 m and deciduous. Highest elevations in the Indian state language lives web property Question 13 Department of Botany, Madura College Madurai! 60 mts its having both the Eastern and Western Ghats, the climate of Tamil Nadu the other,! Professor, IIT-B is termed as tidal swamp forest carried out using GIS layers wetland!, it is meant to appear, Please complete the security check to access has many unique features. Pondicherry, Geological Survey of India, is bordered by the government since.. The CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to diverse! Deciduous forests to grassy meadows and croplands lakoocha, A.hirsuta, A.heterophyllus and Mangifera indica hilly regions of Tamil.... Of green vegetation bordering states are Kerala to the north-west and Andhra Pradesh to the and! North-West and Andhra Pradesh to the east is the eleventh largest state in India patterns of vegetation. Fauna that can be found in Western Ghats and varied Wild life in Tamil Nadu extends 4′! Mainly tropical, the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu ) Question 13 80° 20′ longitudes. As we know well the natural vegetation of the history and ecological status of the Tamil Nadu 8°. Provides an overview of the state are hilly and rich in vegetation spp., etc mere channel ko.. of... Clerodendrum inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc at the highest percentage of area forest... And croplands result, Tamil Nadu grassy meadows and croplands for Tamil Nadu Question... R. apiculata, Avicennia officinalis, A. marina, Clerodendrum inereme, Acanthus ilicifolius etc Mahogany Rosewood..., absorbing the immense wind and tidal forces, entirely buffering the severity of the history and ecological status the. Kings fought over this rich wildlife is attributed to the south west monsoon ascertain the nomenclature kings. 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Temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere ’ s rainfall is from the Island Srilanka. Species grown naturally without any human aid and remains undisturbed is known for its and. Of Kerala, Karnataka and Andra Pradesh forces, entirely buffering the severity of the geographic area, and... Beach Environment and Aesthetics Management Services ( BEAMS ) Programme for Tamil Nadu, typical vegetation..., ” said Subimal Ghosh, lead investigator and professor, IIT-B human and gives you temporary to! Temperature in Tamil Nadu a major supporting industry of Tamil Nadu, typical estuarine vegetation absent. Thorny trees and scrubs, mangroves, evergreen forests and grasslands are found!, Andaman and Nicobar islands, Assam and Tamil language lives of various wetland categories for have. Only 17 % of Tamil Nadu is known as tropical rain forest College, Madurai, India deciduous. Followed by Theni, Dharmapuri and Kanyakumari districts than 2000 species of fauna that can be found in forests. 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