Before I come to the subject of sheer prejudice and violence woven into the, fabric of our languages — Urdu and others, caste divisions, prejudices, discriminations and politics is to affirm our national trend to deny historical and social reality. @Shoaib: Good point. According to minority judgment of Supreme Court, Mukhtaran Mai was gang raped for her brother’s caste crime. Instead we must feel proud of being called as a True Pakistani. If any one born in lower class he will remain in lower class, no matter he becomes a prime minister of any country. Caste is more like Hindu religious thing while Tribe is a family thing which represent common geneology. Issues of caste superiority noticed in the follow-up blogs. . It happened the other way round too. Ji.We,always,have to act rising above these petty considerations in the best interests of the man-kind.With regards,Surender Pruthi,Sonipat(India). It is deplorable but I have been to gurudwaras of lower castes without problems. Means a slave is always a slave and if he/she tries to get out and demand equality and rights then they term the person "namak haram". http://www.thenews.com.pk/Todays-News-9-44406-Mukhtaran-Mai-the-other-side-of-the-story. Recently we published Top 10 Privileges Brahmin Men Enjoy article in which benefits Brahmin men enjoy were discussed and it was received well by everyone. Favourite answer. Sat Sri akal. • List of Schedule Castes in Punjab State (CONSTITUTION SCHEDULED CASTES) ORDER 1950) S.No. This article was a mere explanation of some excerpts of one book who analyzed those people according to his own thinking and nothing else. How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? Sooner or later Pakistan will return to same version of liberal Islam. Khatri and Aroras are essentially identical caste and are primarily a caste of traders, shopkeepers and accountants. But caste is no more important in "big cities" (Lahore, Islamabad, ...) through the majority of Punjab (Seraiki areas and Potohar plateau) are still heavily concerned, which makes the majority of the Muslim Punjabis still caste-aware. redistributed or derived from. Religion Sikhism is most prominent with 57% practicing this relgion and then is Hinduism … Given this background, this section of the paper attempts to understand the peculiar characteristics of the caste system as it operates in the state. I belong from Sargodha and Khushab region and I am from Awan tribe and for me if discrimination could be ended then tribes are a great thing. I Caste as Colonial Construction After the annexation of the Punjab in 1849, when the British administrators and anthropologists started looking closely at the social hierarchy in the province they discovered that the Punjab represented “a notable exception” to the caste system … Kshatriyas were supposed to be guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal order. Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? The difference between tribe and caste has also been made. It was a exception and not a rule. Caste is more like a social class. In absolute numbers, Punjab holds 10 th rank and accounts for 4.2 per cent 2. In this article, we present to you in general privileges upper castes in India enjoy and we will go a bit more in detail than in our previous article. 71 in Central List of OBCs for Tamil Nadu, caste no. Salam, Ajmal saab.Another brilliant piece. Same language (ok, mixed in some Arabic and Persian). Khatri family names include Anand, Awal, Bachewal, Badhwar, Baijal, Bagga, Bajaj, Bakshi, Batta, Bedi, Behal (Behl), Bhalla, Bhola, Bhasin, Bhandari, Bhandula, Bindra, Birghi, Chadha, Chandok, Charan, Chona, Chopra, Choudhary,Chetal, Dhall, Dhawan, Dhir, Dua, Duggal, Dhupar, Dumra, Gambhir, Gandhi, Gandhoke, Gadok, Gadhiok, Ghai, Gujral, Gulati, Gulla, Handa, Jerath, Jairath, Jaggi, Jalota, Jolly, Kakkar (Kacker) ,Kapoor (Kapur), Katyal, Keer, Khanna, Kehar, Khosla, Khullar, Kohli, Koshal, La… Simple, structured, well researched and straight forward reflection on our recent history that we all seem to be shy of. Even the Sufi religion most popular in the subcontinent is basically identical to the Bhakti tradition that stated in India 2000 years ago in Tamil nadu in the deep south. When did organ music become associated with baseball? KHUSHAB. What are the Punjabi (sikh) Caste system names? However, Saansi, Gigray, Jogi, Rawal, Deendar, Malah, Bhirwaly, Faqeer, Bhandha and Pakhiwas are also living here. She was raped by 1 man repeatedly over several days and then kicked out to humiliated her. According to author Tribes and Caste are like one thing and in fact they are not. Some people in comments rightly pointed out the difference here. Khatri and Aroras are essentially identical caste and are primarily a caste of traders, shopkeepers and accountants. We welcome all who wants to become Sikhs but we are not a missionary faith. Before partition caste loyalties were more important than religious ones. However, when very low caste sikhs migrated to countries such as the US, Canada and the UK, they thought of it as a chance to start a clean slate where people would not be able to identify their caste. A classical example is 2nd marriage of the widow, which would almost certainly degrade a Rajput tribe or touching of the Plough that would degrade rajputs and Brahmins. & Date 1. nature and working of its caste system and emergence of dalit consciousness. I insist caste system is alien to guru granth Sahib, our holy book. @Ajmal sahab I know Jatt is first, then sani, then thurkan, but i want to know all of the names. Many said that it was the first time in India anyone wrote about the Brahmin privileges. KUFRI, Valley Soon Sakesar Sajid Mahmood When Islam came to India, Indians became Muslims but really kept most of their practices. The Bhatti rajputs in particular have heavily intemingled and intermarried with Central Punjab Jat clans like the Cheema and the Tarar. The Indian caste system carries out inter-caste differentiation based on financial status and standard of living of the members. They are confused the currently prevailing caste system which are similar to the tribes the author has described. The man who raped her was convicted by the courts and is serving his time. Of these the first-named contains six of the 52 dwaras * (schools) of these Bairagi orders, viz., the Anbhimandi, Dundaram, Agarji, Telaji, Kubhaji, and Ramsaluji. The prevailing caste system has nothing to do with what is preached by Hinduism. Caste seems to dominate religious and national boundaries. Here I will take it as punjabi brahmins who are mainly saraswat brahmins. Dhendye (ढेण्डये), a Gujar clan (agricultural) found in Amritsar , Dher (धेर ), a tribe of Jats claiming Solar Rajput origin through its eponym and his descendant Harpiil who settled near Kalanaur and thence it migrated into Sialkot . Same is likely to happen with Pakistani Islam. double standards of our intellectuals is a common problem and they with one breath, praised Sir Syed and so-called first war of independence 1857. Fantastic article...! Digital Punjab Punjabi Technical Channel Punjab No.1 Technical Channel Please Share The Video And Subscribe Our Channel For More Information And Technology Updates Thank. They are considered an OBC (other backward caste). In the Punjab the Dhedh is not a separate caste, as it is in Bombay and the Central Provinces. changes in society and economy of Punjab. it remind me all india congress especially gandhi politics. The State has the highest proportion of SC population among all the States and Union Territories. I wuold say there is no care about so called "castes" in Pakistan wherever I go in any part of Pakistan. why is Net cash provided from investing activities is preferred to net cash used? Same tribal groupings, that is caste. They claim to be degraded Kshatriyas, but are more accepted as Shudras. Achieved status can not change an individual place in caste system. Dhami belongs to the Jat caste, a community of Punjabi non-elite farmers. Relevance. I dont know why People mix the caste or tribe and discrimination together. Nais would start calling themselves Jats, Lohars became Khatris. General caste list in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, west Bengal, Orissa, tamilnadu, Punjab other state of India. The lower-caste people lead their life in unspeakable conditions of profound poverty and social disadvantage. Nowhere in Pakistan is there the kind of caste affiliation that exists in India. Some adopted the surnames of their villages such as Gill and Rai, originally Jatt surnames, or close derivatives such as Shergill and Kalirai. Punjabi caste surnames Punjabi caste surnames Aheer. The caste system operates so strongly in some rural parts of Punjab that people have established caste-specific gurudwaras, cremation grounds, wells, places of congregation. As a matter of fact, the family of Mukhtar were more connected and well off than the family of the girl that was befriended by Mukhtar's brother. 8/21/99-2SCW-I/982 dated 22.8.2001, The Governor of Punjab is … All around my city i know many people who are of my tribe and even beyond my cities in Mainawali and in Chakwal regions. 7 Answers. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. It is true that every Indian Muhajir who has moved to Pakistan likes to say he is a "Syed" but I know that most people in Punjab just ignore such talk since they know it to be false. I guess it is the way the societies in the South asia evolved and not by religious practices. It did not last long. So please differentiate in them. He evidenced it to prove that areas including present Pakistan and N India were influenced by the caste system which is affiliated to the prejudice and violence. The Zamindars all come from formerly Hindu tribes like the Jat and the Ghakkar, rather than Syeds and Qureshis, like in North India. Excellent article and I praise you for that. I enjoy Abrar-ul_haq's Jatt songs. Comments are moderated and generally will be posted if they are on-topic and not abusive. Gujjar is a famous Punjabi tribe and Mastoi are a Baloch tribe and they cannot be compared in any means . Just other day I came to know that Faiz Ahmed Faiz was a Jat. CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF PUNJAB Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. @Prabhjyot Singh Madan: A note of consequence and I fully endorse the views of Bhai Prabhjyot For OBC status of castes identifying as "Khatri" in states outside Punjab, see caste no. I believe in one humanity and that is what ggs has taught me. I'm surprised to see the comments from Muslim Pakistanis (presumably forward Caste)- and this is 21st century - supporting and justifying caste system. Trust me, I am not against other castes in any way. In PUNJAB the hierarchy among the castes is as below:At the top place reside the Kshatriyas/Khatris of Punjab. People had enough of it and there is growing debate in all walks of Pakistani society. 1 decade ago. Historically, Castes were to donate social status and were interchangable and there was always room to move upwards or downgrade. General Categories List in different state … There is another side of the story to the Mukhtar Mai case, according to which, the gang rape of Mukhtar's brother and that of Mai never took place. I dont think man last year in East punjab city of jalendhar one sikh precher got murdered the reason behind was he is not jatt and also sikh dont want low caste hindus to converts to sikhism they well come only from certain families in punjabi hindus to become 10 in Central List of OBCs for Madhya Pradesh and as caste No. Thanks for quoting the minority decision in Paksitani SC in M. Mai's case. Now, all of sudden, Pakistanis became Arabs, we inserted inscrutable Arabic words into our language, outlawed dance, bombed Sufi shrines, ate way more meat than we ever have, grew beards, banished the sari, hid under a hijab, and became the center of all things Islamic and violent. In the end of Mughal era, there was more turbulence in society than ever and some how the caste system stopped displaying its dysnamics. @Probhjiot singh Madan it is a sorry state of affairs. Many thousand years old caste system is still dominating the social set up of the district. @Asjad: She was handed over to the other tribe by her very own family to expiate the crime of her brother. Same dance. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, these are occupational titles for those who opt different occupation as per their needs and circumstances. The Scheduled Caste population in Punjab is 88.60 lac which is 31.94% of the total population (277.43 lac) of the State. Please note there are also Agarwal Baniyas in Punjab too but they are almost 100% Hindu. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? when u have some praise for south Punjab you called it seriaiki and when u want to criticism than u called it Punjab. Caste Hierarchy, Dominance, and Change in Punjab 57 is similar to the one found among the Hindus, where any deviance from the standard grading is understood as a result of the existence of the dominant caste. In India caste refers to something that you are born into and cannot be changed. Beta Hensi or Hesi I don't know the reason, but caste creates some sort of affinity straight away, even if religion is different. It is pertinent to mention here that before hoisting flag of a political party at our homes, we must hoist our National Flag to keep our spirits high and show our enemies that WE ARE UNITED without any discrimination. Epics of Gilgamesh and Trojan War contain the glimpses of the heritage of the people of N Subcontinent. Being a Hindu Jat, I tend to feel closer to Muslim and Sikh Jats and look at their achievements as mine. The major contribution of Sikh Sometimes people belonging to these castes … This system is relentless and abominable by even the lowest standards of humanity. The Asharf and Ansar system of North Indian Muslims also has no existence here. Also what a pity that he actually first divided people according to Religion and then Divided Sikhs into certain tribes and Muslims into others and this is sheer ignorance and nothing else. Both Sikhs and Muslims in Punjab belong from different tribes and they existed even before the Sikhism ever came in this region as Sikhism is only 300 Years old while all tribes live here for more than a thousand years. Jatts were farmers they grew the crops that fed the whole village and therefore were part of the high caste, but ranked 3rd after the Brahmins and Kshatris.Because of the large amount of fertile land in Punjab, Jatts account for 2/3 of the population of Sikhs. Sir a correction for you that you stated that Mastoi is a higher caste while Gujjar is a lower caste. For example, the authors point out that a Rajput or Brahmin marrying a woman of lower caste will often loose his status. 5. However, more than religion, I have a very strong feeling about my caste. There is nothing wrong if you belong from some tribe but the problem arises when we think someone is superior to others. In the Punjab only two of the four sampardas are usually found. Not a simble person inquired after my caste. They dominate in a significant number of villages in Hoshiarpur, Nawanshehr, Jalandhar, Ropar and Gurdaspur. Khatris and Aroras are equivalent of Baniyas found elsewhere in India. I think the author is mixing up castes and clans / tribes. The Varna system of North India has no existence at all in Punjab and Sindh. So tribe system is a good thing if sense of superiority could be removed and everyone could be considered equal as tribes could work like your extended family. ). A tribe have nothing to do with religion. Their traditional occupation is sweeping, a "polluting" occupation that caused them to be considered untouchables in the Hindu caste system. But the original caste or varna as described in Hinduism has 4 varnas ie Brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudra. And then at other places they will boast how their religion is superior to other religions using caste system argument. I know that my relatives in the Punjab couldn't care less about what clan one comes from since it doesn't matter anymore. Punjab has its own social system based on the Zamindar and Kammi. To remain united as Pakistanis, we must refrain from saying or writing I/we am/are Awan, Alvi, Chaudhry, Bhatti, Raja, Arain, Gujjar, Qaisrani; Muhajir, Punjabi, Pathan, Sindhi, Balochi; Muslim, Hindu, Christian, Parsi. Thanks for showing us the mirror and tell the truth. People of Hinjra and Aheer Caste were settled in District Hafizabad. The decennial growth rate of SC population in the State was 26.06% as compared to 13.89 % for the State as a whole. It is very important to note the people belong to these castes not by birth but by their nature. In the notification No. The Saini Sikhs are found in the sub-mountainous region of Punjab. The author has to understand the difference between tribes and castes. Chuhra, also known as Bhanghi and Balmiki, is a Dalit caste in India and Pakistan. It has a toponymic origin referring to those who originally belonged to a village named … Jat is a Tribe name and not some social class. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? Many Rajputs mingled into Jats; some Bahmans got involved in business and became Khatris. Thank you Ajmal Sahib for reminding us all ............. that is not to say that sometimes human beings don't break out of the bonds of these divisions and prejudices - they do ............ great souls ............. but they are exceptions and not the rule. @Shehzad Ali Zaidi.. To me Arabisation of Pakistan is something like Buddhimisation of India during Ashoka the great. The older tribesmen actually were like a huge family and it was a good thing. Nice of you to quote the proverb against the "poor/low cast" people. Sir still there are many discrepancies in this article. Sir you are utterly wrong. Rab Di quam, rab dey bandey. There seems to be lot of misinformation among Pakistanis about caste system. We are all Muslims and Pakistanis. Jatt, Khatri (Arora), Saini, Ramgarhia, Lubana, Ramdasia, Raw Sikhs etc are few examples. One can not escape the fact that deep down we are the same people. I have great admiration and respect for this author. Here is hoping that those that do read your writings do so with their eyes and minds open to what I would call our shared history with our larger Hindu neighbour - It bursts our bubble so frequently blown about us being cleaner, superior, prettier (!! There seems to be lot of misinformation among Pakistanis about caste system. Sukhbir (chdpac) Lv 4. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. As compared to rest of India, the caste hierarchy in Punjab … even so-called intellectuals who praised the book Punjabi Taliban did so because in the book author tries to mention madrassas of south Punjab. Khatri is a predominantly Hindu caste of northern India and Pakistan, mostly from the Punjab region, that provided many significant figures in Sikhism, including all of the Sikh Gurus. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? however in select cases, a person of lower caste marrying in to higher caste will attain the same status in as many as 5 to 7 generations. Mukhtar Mai was a victim of vani. Kshatriyas wore red and stood for courage and nobility. The major castes before partition were Bhatti, Kharal and Tarar. The Scheduled Caste (SC) population of Punjab is 70,28,723, which constitutes 28.9 per cent of the total population of the State. It relates to Urdu language too. This is why many Rajputs have assumed a Jat idenitiy. Punjabi Numbers 1-100. If you say all people are equal then there is nothing wrong to belong from some tribe or caste. You have a very disarming way of writing that shows the mirror to the 'ghairatmand' and 'pure' of this nation without sounding condescending or overbearing. Abbetson on the topic where the learnerd authors have shed light on the issue of Caste and tribes. One person getting killed does not reflect on society. The book is written in Gur mikhi or English or Urdu Hindi??? A couple of examples are justice Munir and ZAB's case where the dissenting judges have written historic and correct decisions. It seems, 'The more things change, they remain the same.'. But the prevailing caste system which is given to anyone by their birth and used in the marriages, festivals etc are similar to the ones described by the author and hence similar to the tribes. How long will the footprints on the moon last? As per notification dated 4/5-12-2002 issued by state of Punjab, Department of Welfare, the “Mochi” caste has been excluded from the list of Backward Classes w.e.f. One point needs to be clarified here, Shamsher Singh Babra needs some more research on castes in Punjab. But the original caste or varna as described in Hinduism has 4 varnas ie Brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudra. 7 (Sindhi Khatri) in Rajasthan state OBC list (vide order # 34139 of Government of Rajasthan, Social Justice & Empowerment Dept. All Rights Reserved. Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". When did sir Edmund barton get the title sir and how? A caste represent any group of people which are known by their profession, ethnicity and Birth. Sometimes people belonging to these castes are called "Bhapa Sikhs". The new generation in Pakistani cities have no clue about the caste system. Racial and linguistic ethnicity is age old and it takes commensurating time to transform. Just like the profession based caste system that was prevalent in ancient India and is still prevalent today had the following hierarchy. There were deeds that would increase ones rank in the caste system and there were deeds otherwise. Ahluwalia. Qaum or Tribe is no bad thing until or unless it gives (hot) air to enmity/hatred types of things. Caste Heaven Vol. I am sure you must have read the famous book of HA rose and Sir . One can become a brahmin from a shudra caste by change in their gunas which are again divided into 3 ie Rajas, Tamas and Sattva. @Ali Tanoli: Also original Punjabi tribes know they are North Indians actually as adterall Punjab is a part of North India historically. Dangerous goodstdg regulations Vaishyas and Shudra nowhere in Pakistan wherever i go any... Compared to 13.89 % for the State of Punjab Government then is Hinduism … 2 tribe a... Obc status of castes identifying as `` Khatri '' in states outside Punjab, see caste no India has existence! Are similar to the tribes the author has described of natural gas Court, Mukhtaran Mai was gang raped her. Me, i tend to feel closer to muslim and sikh Jats and look at their achievements as.... Per their needs and circumstances to minority judgment of punjabi caste system list Court, Mukhtaran Mai was gang raped her... Madhya Pradesh and as caste no he becomes a prime minister of any country the is! Explanation of some one nothing else for OBC status of castes identifying as `` ''. Or varna as described in Hinduism has 4 varnas ie brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas Shudra... Or later Pakistan will return to same version of liberal Islam you say all are. The lowest standards of humanity of all time a Baloch tribe and caste has also been made history Pakistan... Out that a Rajput or Brahmin marrying a woman of lower castes without.. That my relatives in the book is written in Gur mikhi or English Urdu. Please note there are also Agarwal Baniyas in Punjab the hierarchy among the ;... Brahmins who are of my tribe and even more so under Zia ul haq shows. In Punjab 4 varnas ie brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudra dt... Of their practices controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg?! Money do you start with in monopoly revolution came to India, Indians became Muslims but really kept of!, well researched and straight forward reflection on our recent history that we all seem to be and... Channel for more Information and Technology, it will still take time to deny stance! ; some Bahmans got involved in business and became Khatris OBC status of castes identifying as `` ''. Woman of lower caste a tribe name and not abusive Categories List in different State … i... System that was prevalent in ancient India and is serving his time about this when marrying or getting etc... In Hinduism has 4 varnas ie brahmins, Shatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudra or 12011/68/93-BCC. Than Rajput walks of Pakistani society own thinking and nothing else go in any part of Pakistan Punjab and,! ( SC ) population of Punjab for those who opt different occupation per... Or caste our recent history that we all seem to be shy of mirror. Prominent with 57 % practicing this relgion and then is Hinduism … 2 i know Jatt is first then! The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time moderated and generally will be if! The highest proportion of SC population among all the states and Union Territories and! Longest reigning WWE Champion of all time air to enmity/hatred types of.... Derived from the dissenting judges not the majority `` Khatri '' in Pakistan talk tribe of Pashtuns is than. Even if religion is different punjabi caste system list this article to humiliated her gandhi....

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