The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is the largest of five known garbage patches in the world's oceans. By Victor Kiprop on June 7 2018 in Environment. Reisser has also founded a new organisation to investigate new plastics using seaweed as the basic material. Marine plastic debris is one of the most pressing environmental concerns facing the world today. Seventy percent of the mass eventually sinks, damaging life on the seabed. Plastic wasn’t invented until the late 1800s and the production of plastic didn’t take off until around 1950. Researchers looked at 51 samples and found that after excluding the weight of the water, each gram of sediment contained an average of 1.26 microplastic pieces. This invention, which he named Bakelite, was nothing extraordinary until the 1960s when businesses realized that plastic could be used as packaging material. In 2015 global plastic’s production grew by 3.4% compared to 2014. The world has produced over 9 billion tons of plastic since then and TWO THIRDS have ended up in the environment - including our oceans. Hardesty said it wasn’t possible to know how old the pieces of plastic were, or what sort of object they had once been part of. Of that, only nine percent has been recycled. More than 9 billion tons of plastic have been made since the 1950s, and the vast majority of it has been thrown in the trash, says a new study. Unfortunately, many of the developing countries which accept plastic imports, especially in the wake of China’s ban, do not have strict regulations on how to deal with this waste, and much of it … That makes plastic bags the second most common kind of waste item found in coastal cleanup. However, plastic had a shortcoming: it was non-biodegradable. “If we could travel a thousand years into the future, that plastic will have slowly fragmented and been removed from our coastline.”. Since the 1950s about 8 billion metric tons of plastic have been produced. (Image: © Shutterstock) We're drowning in plastic. SBS News explains. The world uses 500 billion plastic cups every year. How Much Plastic Is Produced? That’s the weight of nearly 90 aircraft carriers, and the problem continues to grow. #9: The world produces more than 14 million US tons of polystyrene (plastic foam) each year. In 2019, the production of plastics totaled around 368 million metric tons worldwide. The vast majority – 82 million tonnes of macroplastics and 40 million tonnes of microplastics – is washed up, buried or resurfaced along the world’s shorelines. Although the exact amount of plastic in the oceans cannot be accurately quantified, it is estimated that 150 million metric tons of plastic circulate the world's oceans. The … Australia’s government science agency, CSIRO, gathered and analysed cores of the ocean floor taken at six remote sites about 300km off the country’s southern coast in the Great Australian Bight. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Countries Putting The Most Plastic Waste Into The Oceans, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Leaders from more than 70 countries signed a voluntary pledge in September to reverse biodiversity loss which included a goal to stop plastic entering the ocean by 2050. She said she believed the vast majority of plastics were actually accumulating on coastlines. A previous study in the journal Science has estimated about 8.5m tonnes of plastic ends up in the oceans every year. It is estimated that 250 metric tonnes of plastic will be in the oceans by 2030, and by 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than fish. Our oceans are choking. Americans alone throw away around 25 billion Styrofoam cups every year. Between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes of plastic enter the ocean each year, according to figures published in the journal Science in 2015 . One out of every 10 items picked up in an International Coastal Cleanup in 2009 was a plastic bag. Ocean gyres pull floating plastic together to form ocean garbage patches. Every year, about 8 … Much of the plastic that does not end up in landfill or go through other waste management pathways (such as recycling or incineration) is thought to end up in the ocean. Production is expected to double by 2050. Stemming the tide of plastic entering the world’s waterways and ocean has emerged as a major international challenge. Plastic is not only piling up in the oceans, but is also causing more harm to marine animals than any other element. The cores were drilled in March and April 2017 between 288km and 349km from the coast, at depths of between 1,655 metres and 3,016 metres. This is more evidence that we need to stop this at the source.”. “We need to make sure the big blue is not a big trash pit. Of the 8.3 billion metric tons that has been produced, 6.3 billion metric tons has become plastic waste. 8.3 billion plastic straws pollute the world’s beaches, but only 1% of straws end up as waste in the ocean. It is estimated that about eight million metric tons of plastic find their way into the world's oceans every year. In September, a study estimated that in 2016 between 19m and 23m tonnes of plastic found its way into both rivers and ocean. How plastic is damaging planet Earth. 300 million tons of plastic waste is produced each year around the world. For the study, the researchers extrapolated the amount of plastic found in their core samples and from research from other organisations to conclude as much as 14.4m tonnes of microplastic was now on the ocean floor globally. What types of plastic are the most damaging and just how big is the problem? In 1907, Belgian-American chemist Leo Henricus Arthur Baekeland created the first form of plastic based on a synthetic polymer. Using a similar approach as they did when figuring the mass, the team chose to employ conservative estimations of the plastic count. There are 8.3 billion tons of plastic in the world Industrial-scale production began in the 1950s and has been gathering pace ever since. South Australia's ban on single-use plastic cutlery and straws hailed as 'historic', Microplastic pollution devastating soil species, study finds. Aquatic animals are becoming trapped in fishing nets at an increasingly staggering rate, while thousands more are mistaking plastic for food. FACT #1: About 8 million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean annually.Of those, 236,000 tons are microplastics – tiny pieces of broken-down plastic smaller than your little fingernail: FACT #2: There are five massive patches of plastic in the oceans around the world. 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