2:13) and receive news about conditions in Corinth. Here’s a high-level idea of what each pastoral epistle is about: Today, these letters still teach us how the church should be managed—they’re especially helpful for church planters. Guthrie, The Pastoral Epistles, Tyndale Press, London, 1969, pp. His reference to the Praetorian guard (Phil. The Resurrection of Sleeping Saints (4:13-16), 2. Clusters of Pauline letters and the book of Hebrews. 3) 2 Thessalonians: There is not much data in this letter indicating when it was written. In view of this evidence, few (some radical critics of the nineteenth century) have ever questioned Paul’s authorship. This letter was written about A.D. 55. toward the end of Paul’s three-year residency in Ephesus (cf. The writer calls himself Paul in several places (cf. The Greek noun dikaiosune, “righteousness,” occurs 34 times, the noun didaioma, “a righteous deed, acquittal, ordinance,” five times, the noun dikaiokrisia (righteous judgment) once, the adjective dikaios, “righteous,” occurs seven times, the noun dikaiosis, “justification, acquittal,” twice, and the verb dikaioo, “declare or show to be righteous,” occurs 15 times for a total of 64 occurrences. The Personal Circumstances of Paul in Rome: The Preaching of Christ (1:12-30), III. The Description of Righteousness (3:21-31), B. His zeal as a religious Jew was carried over into the way he zealously sought to persecute the church. The New Position in the Heavenlies (2:1-10), 2. Each letter is summarized by chapter, in order to break downPaul's thoughts into manageable pieces. It was not until the 19th century that certain questions were raised about the authorship of this epistle. In a way, it’s an open letter to an individual. 1-7), II. The Pauline Epistles . 2:9). They show many of the beliefs and controversies of Christianity. Exhortation Regarding the Philosophy of the False Teachers (2:8), B. Rather, in Ephesians, Paul sets forth the glorious mystery, “the church which is Christ’s body,” Christ as the head of the Church (1:22, 23), and believers as co-members of one another and blessed with every spiritual blessing in Christ (1:3; 2:11-22). Closely related to this is another concept. In 1 Timothy and Titus, Paul was free and able to travel, but here he is a prisoner in a cold dungeon and facing death. In this short epistle, the concept of “good deeds” occurs some six times (1:16; 27, 14; 3:5, 8, 14). Several themes and purposes are seen in this epistle. In the Home and Household Life (3:18-4:1), IV. The Pauline epistles are the fourteen books in the New Testament traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, although many dispute the anonymous Epistle to the Hebrews as being a Pauline epistle. Chapters 4 and 5 undoubtedly stand out as key chapters because of their teaching on both the coming of the Lord for the church, the rapture (4:13-18), and the day of the Lord (5:1-11), the time in the future when He will intervene in human events to consummate His redemption and judgment. Of course not. A number of basic Christian doctrines are discussed: natural revelation (Rom 1:19-20), universality of sin (Rom 3:9-20), justification (Rom 3:24), propitiation (Rom 3:25), faith (Rom 4:1), original sin (Rom 5:12), union with Christ (Rom 6:1), the election and rejection of Israel (Rom 9-11), spiritual gifts (Rom 12:3-8), and respect for government (Rom 13:1-7).41. Thus the approximate dates for 1 Timothy and Titus are perhaps 63-66. 15-16). The second letter, and emotional letter revealing the personal ch, apostle more than any other letters. The theology of Ephesians in some ways reflects later development, but this must be attributed to Paul’s own growth and meditation on the church as the body of Christ. The power of the cross provides deliverance from the curse of the law, from the power of sin, and from self (1:4; 2:20; 3:13; 4:5; 5:16, 24; 6:14). This was then followed by (3) the second letter to Corinth (1 Cor.). The major theme is summoned by James K. Lowery in the Bible Knowledge Commentary. In addition, these Judaizers not only proclaimed a false gospel, but sought to discredit Paul’s apostleship. 22), and following his release he made several trips, wrote 1 Timothy and Titus, was rearrested, wrote 2 Timothy, and was martyred (see the Introduction to Titus, Titus 1:1 book note). Twice, the writer calls himself Paul (1:1; 3:1). Organization of the Pauline Epistles. Colossians1 Thessalonians2 ThessaloniansPastoral epistles: 1. 6:21-22; Col. 4:7-8) and is probably the same letter that is called “my letter … from Laodicea” in Col. 4:16.55. 10-17). The Past: The Work of Faith (1:1-3:13), A. Each outline contains the dates that the epistles are believed to have been written, the purpose or theme, and special verses to be aware of in the letter. Moreover, the books declare Paul as the author (1 Tim. The God who called into being the family and the church is also the God who created work. Regardless, external and internal evidence support Paul as the author. This may well account for the period spent in Arabia and Damascus before his first visit to Jerusalem (Gal. 57 The outline used here closely follows that of Ryrie with slight variations, pp. Each of the five authors—James, Peter, John, Jude, and the author of Hebrews—has a distinctive contribution to make from his own point of view. During the first, Paul was kept in or near the barracks of the Praetorian Guard or in rental quarters at his own expense for two years (Acts 28:30), during which these epistles were written. By the way, I incorporated into the chronological summary of each epistle, those verses that have been particularly meaningful to believers down through the ages – reading them in their context is enlightening. Vocabulary used to describe church organization, for instance, would be expected to be different from that used to teach the doctrine of the Holy Spirit. And, of course, the letters themselves claim to have been written by Paul.65, The Greek titles for 1 and 2 Timothy are Pros Timotheon A and Pros Timotheon B, “First to Timothy” and “Second to Timothy.” Timothy’s name means, “honoring God.”. Some good Greek mss. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). Negative: Emancipation from Ascetic Ordinances (2:20-23), 3. It has also been suggested that Onesimus became a minister and later bishop of the church at Ephesus (Ignatius, To the Ephesians, 1).71, Key words or concepts are, “Oneness,” and “forgiveness in Christ.”, The forgiveness that the believer finds in Christ is beautifully portrayed by analogy in Philemon. We see him doing the second in his letters (there’s certainly overlap, though). He was a Jew, a Pharisee (well-versed in the Old Testament), a man of knowledge, letters, and spirit. This was an established literary style as early as the 4th century BCE. 16:5-9; Acts 20:31). 69 From the footnote in the NET Bible, BSF web site CD, electronic media. Because these letters are for specific individuals, they include more specific instructions than the other letters. Philemon was not the only slave holder in the Colossian church (see Col. 4:1), so this letter gave guidelines for other Christian masters in their relationships to their slave-brothers. Kostenberger, A. J., & Wilder, T. L. (2010) Entrusted with the Gospel: And, this indicates that there are other epistles in the Bible which were not written by Paul, since the number here does not reflect all the epistles in the Scripture. A key word in concept is “correction” as Paul sought to correct the problems in Corinth, but “wisdom,” contrasting God’s wisdom with man’s, is also a key word of the book. The Rapture of Living Saints (4:17-18), B. Click to copy Summary. A outline of the of the Pauline epistles. Paul wrote all four prison epistles during his first Roman imprisonment. As such, this epistle is a fitting illustration of Christ who took our place as our substitute (see v. 18). His Hope in the Thessalonians (2:19-20), E. The Confirmation of the Thessalonians (3:1-10), 1. 1:12-13). Most of these came from the humbler ranks, although there appear to have been some of the nobler class also (1:26-31). Their Love for the Brethren, an Expression of Being God Taught (4:9-10), C. Their Love for the Lost Expressed in Godly Living (4:11-12), III. Sponsored link. Directions Regarding God’s Grace (2:11-15), V. Final Instructions and Greetings (3:12-15). This is, of course, fitting, for sound doctrine should lead to godly conduct. The Condemnation of the Moral Man (2:1-16), C. The Condemnation of the Religious Man (the Jew) (2:17–3:8), III. Second, Timothy and Titus undoubtedly possessed the gifts needed for pastoral ministry and while there was an element of pastoral care in what they did, they were not elders or pastors who are given by the Lord to various churches for more long-term ministries (1 Pet. These letters (also known as “epistles”) contain both general Christian teaching and specific instructions for the congregation to which they were addressed. The Power and Provision for Our Walk (5:14-18), C. The Believer’s Walk in the World (5:19-6:9), 1. and brought into a position of liberty. There he met Titus, who brought good news about the general well-being of the Corinthian church but bad news about a group who were standing in opposition to Paul and his apostleship. Ordination of Elders in the Church (1:5-9), B. Chapter Summary Paul the Apostle: The Man and His Mission In Christian tradition, it appears that Paul was second only to Jesus in contributing to the rise and spread of Christianity. Epistle to the Hebrews The Epistle to the Galatians was the battle cry of the Reformation because it stands out as Paul’s Manifesto of Justification by Faith. Misunderstanding of the Spirit’s ministry (2:6-16), D. The Design and Example of Paul (4:6-21), III. Application: the Practice of Righteousness in Service (12:1–15:13), F. In Relation to Other Christians (14:1–15:13), VII. Duties and Defenses Against the Dangers (4:6-16), VI. As the first of two canonical epistles to the church at Thessalonica, this book was called in the Greek text, Pros Thessalonikeis A, “First to the Thessalonians.”. B343MR. It seems clear by comparing Acts with the epistles that 1 Timothy and Titus belong to the period after Paul’s first release and acquittal in Rome. 1:7, 13; Col. 4:10, 18; Philemon 1, 9, 10). The household of God begins with the family, extends to the church, and often applies to the workplace. Upload; Login / Register. 3), proper behavior toward the various age groups—towards elders and widows (chap. I. Salutation and Thanksgiving for the Philippians (1:1-11), II. This belief was still being used as a basis for shirking their vocational responsibilities. 8-9), the writing of Romans must follow that of 1 and 2 Corinthians which is dated about A.D. 55. 48 This outline was taken from The Expositor's Bible Commentary, New Testament, Frank E. Gaebelein, General Editor, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, 1976-1992, electronic media. Welcome to our Virtual University. In this epistle, we see Him as our comfort (1:5), triumph (2:14), Lord (2:4), liberty or freedom for a new life (3:17), light (4:6), judge (5:10), reconciliation (5:19), gift (9:15), owner (10:7), and power (12:9). … While the experience was sudden and dramatic, the effects were enduring. 56 The NIV Study Bible Notes, Zondervan, Grand Rapids, electronic media. Practical: The Gospel of Grace, Justification by Faith Applied (5:1–6:18), A. God preserved many of those letters for us as books of the Bible. Thus, we must seriously take the exhortation “to be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might” (6:10). Posted at 15:35h in Uncategorized by 0 Comments. The "Pauline" letters in the Christian Scriptures (New Testament) did not start out as epistles. 3:4-5), and had evidently been taught the trade of tent-making as a youth (Acts 18:3). Being written to the church at Corinth, this epistle came to be known as Pros Corinthious A, which in effect means First Corinthians. This provides us with the spiritual and moral foundation on which we base our methods, strategy, and administration. Paul encourages Philemon to welcome the runaway as a brother, not a slave—the rest of the church is witness to Paul’s exhortation. ), and (3) to deal with the way some were responding to belief in the imminent return of the Lord. Chapter Summary. Three early writers, all born in the second century, but active in the early part of the third, may be regarded as the representatives of the opinions. Further, he did not believe that He had risen from the dead as Stephen had proclaimed when he cried, “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God” (Acts 7:56). Their Love for God Expressed in Sanctified Living (4:1-8), B. 2:3). Paul’s 14 epistles found in our present New Testament were written to members of the Church who already had some knowledge of the gospel. He wrote (1) to urge Timothy to come to Rome as soon as possible in view of his impending death (cf. Prayer of Thanksgiving for Philemon (vv. He wrote: (1) to give an incentive for the Thessalonians to persevere by describing the reward and retribution that will occur in the future judgment of God (1:3-10), (2) to clarify the prominent events belonging to the day of the Lord in order to prove the falsity of the claims that the day had already arrived (2:1-2), and (3) to give detailed instructions covering the disciplinary steps the church should take in correcting those who refuse to work (3:6-15). Paul presents Jesus Christ as the Second Adam whose righteousness and substitutionary death have provided justification for all who place their faith in Him. Paul introduces himself as an apostle, explains that he will spread the faith to gentiles (non-Jews) such as the Romans, and expresses his desire to come visit them. Introductory Notes to The Epistles of Paul . Objections are based on internal factors rather than on the adequacy of the statements of the church fathers. This would include such things as: qualification for elders and deacons (chap. 15:26, it appears Paul had already received contributions from the churches of Macedonia and Achaia (where Corinth was located). The Importance of the Resurrection (15:1-11), B. It is possible that Philemon did free Onesimus and send him back to Paul (v. 14). For more detailed discussion, see note 2 on this at this verse in the NET Bible. Instructions Concerning Marriage (7:1-40), C. Marriage and Christian Service (7:25-38), V. Instructions Concerning Food Offered to Idols (8:1–11:1), A. 4:4-7). 3:14-15; 4:6-15 with 2 Tim. 8–9), B. Titus and His Companions Sent to Corinth (8:16–9:5), III. Any date assigned will have to be approximate, though probably A.D. 51-52. The individuality of James, Peter, and John stand out very prominently in these brief remains of their correspondence. Polemical: Paul’s Vindication of His Apostolic Authority (chs. Tit. Apart from the introduction (1:1-17), where Paul also states his theme, and conclusion, where he has personal messages and a benediction (15:14–16:27), Romans easily divides into three sections: II. The theme of Philippians might well be “joy and unity in Christ.”. 202-03. 1:1). All three are letters from an old man at the close of his ministry who is …. The Practice of Liberty: Serve and Love One Another (5:13-15), C. The Power of Liberty: Walk by the Spirit (5:16-26), D. The Performance of Liberty: Do Good to All Men (6:1-10). The purpose and burden of the apostle in writing to the Thessalonians can be summarized as follows: to express his thankfulness for what God was doing in the lives of the Thessalonians (1:2-3), to defend himself against a campaign to slander his ministry (2:1-12), to encourage them to stand fast against persecution and pressure to revert to their former pagan lifestyles (3:2-3; 4:1-12), to answer a doctrinal question pertaining to the fate of Christians who had died (4:1-13), to answer questions regarding the “Day of the Lord” (5:1-11), and to deal with certain problems that had developed in their corporate life as a church (5:12-13; 19-20). These events took place from about A.D. 62-67. Our freedom must never be used “as an opportunity to indulge the flesh” but rather as a basis for loving one another by walking in the strength of the Spirit (5:13, 16, 22-25). The Coming of the Day of the Lord (5:1-5), C. Concerning Deportment in the Congregation (5:12-28). The first is to set forth something of the wealth of blessings that believers have in Christ, and how, through them, the eternal purposes of God are summed up in the person of Christ, the things in heaven and on earth (1:3-12). Sponsored link. First, “among the church fathers, Ignatius, Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius give evidence of the canonicity of this brief book. 2. Though Titus is never mentioned in Acts, the many references to him in Paul’s epistles (13 times), make it clear he was one of Paul’s closest and most trusted fellow-workers in the gospel. 16 as part of an epistle sent to Ephesus. Instructions Concerning Doctrine (1:3-20), A. The Charge to Preach the Word (4:1-5), VII. Paul was chosen for a few specific tasks (Eph 3:8–9): We see Paul doing the first in the book of Acts. 30 Oct. pauline epistles summary pdf. Leading Pauline-studies expert Thomas Schreiner provides an updated guide to the exegesis of the New Testament epistles traditionally assigned to Paul. These, then, are the first Roman imprisonment letters, whereas 2 Timothy is the second Roman imprisonment letter.52. 1 Thess. The church is a spiritual body, an organism, and each believer is a member with special functions and tasks to carry out, but the primary need so essential to functioning as God has designed the church is right theology (teaching) and understanding of the Word, along with its personal application for Christ-like living. The Mystery, the Product of Revelation (3:1-6), 2. Titus was written around A.D. 65 and 2 Timothy in A.D. 66. This is one of those times. The author assures these Christians that when Jesus returns, those who have kept their faith will be rewarded, and those who have persecuted the faithful will be condemned. Instead, it is to be dated during Paul’s first imprisonment in Rome, where he spent at least two years under house arrest (see Ac 28:16-31).58. Chapter 2 is certainly a key chapter in the way it sets forth Christ as our example in putting others before ourselves by having the mind of Christ. The Protection From Apostasy (3:10-17), VI. Since there is such a divergence of opinion does this mean we should give up on matters of church government? In the process of this, Paul asks Philemon to charge this to his own account. Contained therein are the principles for giving (8:1-6), the purposes for giving (8:7-15), the policies to be followed in giving (8:16-9:5), and the promises to be realized in giving (9:6-15).47. So the apostle wrote to deal with the condition of idleness or disorderliness which had increased (3:5-15). A popular theory claims that chaps. Philippians 3. 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